In India, Labour Day is a public holiday held on every 1 May which is also celebrated as Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas. The holiday is tied to labour movements for communist and socialist political parties.

The first May Day celebration in India was organized in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on 1 May 1923. This was also the first time the red flag was used in India. The party leader Singaravelu Chettiar made arrangements to celebrate May Day in two places in 1923. One meeting was held at the beach opposite to the Madras High Court and the other was held at the Triplicane beach.  The Hindu newspaper, published from Madras reported,

The Labour Kisan party has introduced May Day celebrations in Madras. Comrade Singaravelar presided over the meeting. A resolution was passed stating that the government should declare May D”Mahaay as a holiday. The president of the party explained the non-violent principles of the party. There was a request for financial aid. It was emphasised that workers of the world must unite to achieve independence.

1 May is also celebrated as “Maharashtra Day” and “Gujarat Day” to mark the date in 1960

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